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viernes, 22 de noviembre de 2013

2ºESO BILINGUAL. THE MEDIEVAL CITY OF CIUDAD RODRIGO

 Find information about the following aspects of Ciudad Rodrigo, and comment them in this post.
  • The origin of the walls.
  • The structure of the city: main road, main square, main entrances through the walls, shape of the streets.
  • Medieval buildings (11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th centuries)
  • Important medieval people in ciudad Rodrigo





42 comentarios:

  1. Welcome to our class activity.

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  2. Hello:)
    Medieval buildings such us:
    the castle,the palace of eagles,cathedral, town hall, walls, bridges, herrasti square, house of vazquez.....

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  3. Hello:)
    Important medieval people in ciudad rodrigo:
    -Fray Diego Tadeo Gonzalez: step down in history for baroque poetic literature
    -Fernando Arrabal: born in Mlilla but he was in Ciudad Rodrigo because he was reference to some of his plays.
    -Isidoro Robles and Pacheco: he was leader and conqueror by Santo Domingo and Peru.

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  4. The walls of Ciudad Rodrigo were reconstruct in the XII century in times of Fernando II lion,who,after rebuild the square of Ciudad Rodrigo,surrounded it with a powerfull wall in 1160

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  5. Hello:)
    The walls started to be built with stone and mortar ,during the repopulation, possibly on ancient walls of a Roman wall, Juan de Cabrera, although most is the work of the XIII and XIV

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  6. Important medieval people in Ciudad Rodrigo:
    Diego Guzman de Silva:Intervened with Queen Catherine of France for moving to Toledo of the remains of St. Eugene de Toledo, and was more Laborer during Cardinal Archbishop Juan Martínez Guijarro. [1]
    Rodrigo Gonzalez de Lara:He was called Conde Rodrigo,the name of the C.R is by this lord.Alfonso VI in 1132 lle gave the Toledo government and other lands, and Aguilar. In Toledo, Count Rodrigo made ​​several campaigns against Muslims, sometimes accompanied by Rodrigo Fernandez de Castro, head of the militia Toledo

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  7. Walls: started being built by Ferdinand II of León in the twelfth century and more than two miles in circumference. They form the inner wall of masonry. In the eighteenth century the outer defenses were constructed in a sawtooth in sandstone. Today it has five doors, the Sun, the Count, Amayuelas that of the Santiago and Sancti Spiritus, having lost the old false door "of the King" opposite the Tower of the Cathedral. Missing door is pouring down.

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  8. XII century: Church of San Pedro and San Isidro
    XII-XIV century:The cathedral

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  9. Important medieval people in ciudad rodrigo:
    Andrés Pérez de Herrasti: defender Square during the War of Independence
    Julian Sanchez el charro: the outbreak of the War of Independence, Julian joined the army again, appearing on August 15, 1808 in Ciudad Rodrigo to join the Cavalry

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    Respuestas
    1. The War of Independence was in the 19th century. :(

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  10. Important medieval people in Ciudad-Rodrigo :
    -Fray Diego Tadeo Gonzalez: (1733-1794) : Under the seudonim of ''Delio'' he went down in history of the barroque poetic literature.
    -Fernando Arrabal: Contemporary playwright of international acclaim. Born in Melilla, spent one season of his childhood in Ciudad Rodrigo, referred to in some of his works.

    Walls: Walls: started being built by Ferdinand II of León in the twelfth century and more than two miles in circumference. They form the inner wall of masonry. In the eighteenth century the outer defenses were constructed in a sawtooth in sandstone. Today it has five doors, the Sun, the Count, Amayuelas that of the Santiago and Sancti Spiritus, having lost the old false door "of the King" opposite the Tower of the Cathedral. Missing door is pouring down.

    Medieval buildings:
    -Town Hall: the sixteenth century and Renaissance. In 1903 the right wing was added.
    -Castle of Marquesa de Cartago: Gothic Revival style, built in the late of the nineteenth century and renovated in 1953.
    -House of the First Marquis of Cerralbo: located in the Plaza Mayor. Data from the first half of the sixteenth century.

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    Respuestas
    1. Fray Diego is from the 18th century.
      Fernando Arrabal is still alive.

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  11. In the 14th century, the king Enrique 2 built the castle

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  12. Medieval buildings:
    - Roman Bridge: its structure type was arch bridge, its function was road bridge, it was built in 1st century, and it was with stone.
    -Castle: is a castle of Enrique II of Trastamara it was located at Plaza del Castillo, it was built in 1372 ,the architect of this construction was Lope Arias ,The city walls were connected to the castle and were built at the end of the 15th century by Juan de Cabrera.

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  13. Important people in ciudad rodrigo :
    -Cristobal de Castillego: monk and poet reaction of anti-Italian
    -Feliciano de Silva: Famous writer of novels of chivalry, author of Amadis of Greece.
    -Diego Guzmán de Silva:Director of Philip II of Spain, and ambassador to England, Genoa and Venice.
    -Celso Lagar:"the painter of the circus," expressionist artist included in the current European Wars.

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  14. The structure of Ciudad Rodrigo:
    Ciudad Rodrigo had numerous medieval buildings also,it had a river ,this is the Agueda river the building were: some churchs, a cathedral, a castle, a town hall, main square, walls....... these building was built long time ago but today Ciudad Rodrigo retains this buildings but also have many buildings more and it a special city because offer many estiles and it was a beautiful city

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  15. this activity is very difficult because we are slow much time jjajjajajajajjajajajaj
    but it was good bye bye the people
    on tuesday will know who we are.
    thanks 2 bilingual
    activity was cool ....... bye bye

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  16. The structure of the city:
    Main road:Madrid street,bull street,san juan street........................
    Main square:it is call big square becase it hasn't got other name
    Main entrances through the walls:sun door,Santiago door,Amayuelas door,conde door and santa cruz door.
    Shape of the streets:it is short and narrow

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  17. MEDIEVAL BUILDINGS : The cathedral of Santa María
    The cathedral of Ciudad Rodrigo began to build by order of Fernando the Second of León in the 12th century.
    The works lasted until the 14th century, reason why its is romanesque transition to gothic.
    The arquitect to which is attribute its construction is Benito Sánchez.
    Like they were late very much in build it, it gave place to many legends as the one that says that the men built a cathedral's wall at the day and at the night a bear wreck it so, the had to begin again.

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  18. MEDIEVAL BUILDINGS: The walls
    The king Fernando the Second of León give the order of build the walls to defend the city of the moors and the portuguese. Thanks to this the city turned into a protected city and difficult to invade.
    Some parts of the walls measure thirteen metres of height. The wall is about two metres and a half of wide and it have more than two kilometres of perimetre.

    THE STRUCTURE OF THE CITY: The entrances through the walls.
    Ciudad Rodrigo had eight doors but today only haves seven, the Sun door, the Santiago's door, the Amayuela's door with the Postigo of Santa María, the Conde's door, the Colada's door and the Santa Cruz's door or San vicente's door. (The eight door was The king's door).

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    Respuestas
    1. I know that I have made many mistakes, I didn't read before send it, Sorry :(

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  19. -House of the Chaves: this house was built at the begening of the XVI century by Diego Nuñez. The families more important element are the shields.

    -House of the chain:it was built at the begining of the XVI century and it is of gothic stile. It is located in the Colada's street. It has repair some zones outside. Its name come from a thick stone chain, which goes arround the building

    -House of the Miranda-Ocampo: it was built at the end of the XVI century by the matrimony Miranda-Ocampo. It is a renacentist palace. On the façade are the shields of the two families.

    -House fo the Gomez Da Silva: the canon Francisco Gomez De Silva built this house in the XVI century. It's a renacentist building and it has been renovated several time. It is located near the main square

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  20. THE ORIGIN OF THE WALLS
    The walls of Ciudad Rodrigo were built in the XII century.
    In time of Ferdinand II of Lion,after,he built the main square, he round it with a strong wall.

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  21. THE STRUCTURE OF THE CITY:
    main road:madrid street
    main square : main square
    main entrances through the wall: puerta de la Colada,Puerta de Santiago,Puerta del Sol,Puerta de Amayuelas and Postigo de Santa Maria, Puerta del Conde and Puerta de Santa Cruz.

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  22. MEDIEVAL BUILDINGS (11th 12th 13th 14th 15th CENTURIES)
    The Castle of Enrique II of Trastamara that was built in the XIV century and the Wall of Ciudad Rodrigo that was built in the XII century.

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  23. THE ORIGIN OF THE WALLS
    The walls of Ciudad Rodrigo had their origin on 1161(XII century), when Fernando II de León began the repopulation of the city.

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  24. STRUCTURE OF THE CITY
    Main road: Madrid Street, Toro Street.
    Main square: Town square of Ciudad Rodrigo, in Spanish ‘’Plaza Mayor’’
    Main entrances through the walls: Puerta de Amayuelas, Puerta del Sol, Puerta de Santiago are the usual entrances to old quarter through the walls.
    Shape of the streets: The most streets of the old quarter are narrow.

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  25. MEDIEVAL BUILDINGS
    • Castle of Enrique II de Trastámara. Ordered to build by Enrique II in 1372 with posteriors modifications between the years 1466-1472. Today is a Parador Nacional.
    • Cathedral of Santa María: built from XII to XIV centuries. Started to build under Fernando II de León´s reign. It is Romanesque with transition to Gothic.
    • Murallas (walls): XII century.
    • Church of San Pedro y San Isidoro: church from the XII century.
    • Ruins of Convento de San Francisco. Rests of the great monastery of Order Franciscana. It keeps funeral chapels from the XVI century, which belonged to Águila and Centeno families.

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  26. IMPORTANT MEDIEVAL PEOPLE IN CIUDAD RODRIGO
    Feliciano de Silva (1492-1554): famous writer about military order novels, author of Amadís de Grecia
    Diego Guzmán de Silva (1520-1577): Adviser of Felipe II de España and ambassador in England, Genoa and Venice.

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    Respuestas
    1. I´m afraid this two characters are not medieval. :(

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  27. St. Pedro and St. Isidro church:
    In front of the former convent of the Discalced Franciscas in Plaza Cristobal de Castillejo, this magnificent temple is dedicated to St. Pedro and St. Isidro. His main artistic value is due to the different styles it has.

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  28. Important Medieval People in Ciudad Rodrigo.
    Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio (1580-1640), Marquis of Cerralbo. Viceroy of new Spain.
    Juan Martín Cermeño, (169x - 1773) Military Engineer, Marshal of Campo y governor of Orán.

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    Respuestas
    1. I´m afraid these characters are not medieval. :(

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  29. The Origin of the Walls
    From 1161, Fernando II of Leon performed the repopulation of the city and this begins to surround himself with a wall.

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  30. Medieval Buildings:
    Town Hall
    Walls
    Castle
    Church of San Pedro and San Isidro
    Cathedral of Santa María
    House of Vazquez

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  31. The Castle of Henry II , also known as Castle of Henry II of Castile or of Ciudad Rodrigo Castillo , is a fourteenth-century fortress , located in the city of Ciudad Rodrigo Salamanca
    Although it is known by the name of another king , Ferdinand II was ordered construction of the original castle on a primitive fortification of the town . In 1372 , it would be rebuilt again , this time by Henry II of Castile , who hired architect Zamora , Lope Arias Janissary . A plaque on the entrance arch to the site , contains a plaque commemorating the date of its construction : the June 1, 1372 .
    The fort is built around the main tower , a square tower 17 feet square . Around this tower, develops a wall with two small square towers at the ends. The main tower has two floors.
    In the late fifteenth century, during the reign of Ferdinand III , was carried out the building of city walls hand Galician architect Juan de Cabrera. One second oval perimeter wall around the city was also added , with a total length of over two kilometers.

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  32. Hello :)
    The Cathedral of Ciudad Rodrigo was build between the 12th and 14th centuries.The City Walls, built by Ferdinand II of León in the 12th century.In the 12th century, the site was repopulated by King Ferdinand II of León, walling it and re-establishing the old Visigothic diocese of Calabria into the new bishopric as suffragan of the Diocese of Santiago de Compostela; it comprised a big part of the province of Salamanca, and a portion of the province of Cáceres, an act confirmed by Pope Alexander III in 1175. This led to the construction of the city’s cathedral, an architectural hybrid of the Gothic and late Romanesque styles. King Alfonso VIII gave the city of Caliabria to the Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo in 1191. The first bishop of whom anything certain is known was called Pedro (1165) and one of the most celebrated was the learned jurist Don Diego de Covarruvias y Leyva (1560).The Hospital of the Passion, built in the 15th century.During the 15th century, a series of artworks of perhaps 35-panels (only 26 panels survive), known as the Retablo (altarpiece) of the Cathedral of the Ciudad Rodrigo was created by Fernando Gallego, Maestro Bartolomé,and the artists of their workshops. Over the centuries, the works became badly deteriorated. In 1954, they were acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation which had them fully restored. In 1961, the foundation donated the works to the University of Arizona Museum of Art, where they reside today.

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