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miércoles, 10 de octubre de 2012

2ºESO: SOLUCIONARIO FICHAS TEMA 1



FICHA 1
1.- What were the Germanic migrations?

Exercice 1:

  • The Germanic tribes.
  • The Romans.
  • Barbarian means foreigner. Today it means “rude”.
  • Because the Roman Empire was rich and military weak.
  • After the third century the Roman control over its northern territories gradually declined.
  • In 395, Emperor Theodosius divided the empire between his two sons to make it easier to defend.
  • The Western Roman Empire.
  • The Eastern Roman Empire.
  • Romulus Augustulus. He was deposed in 476.
  • Odoacro.
  • The Middle Ages.
  • The centralized government of the Western Empire was replaced by smaller kingdoms.
  • The king, the nobles and the warriors.
Germanic kingdoms
Current country
The Franks
France
The Visigoths
Spain
The Ostrogoths and the Lombards
Italy
The Angles and the Saxons
Britain
  • There was very little long-distance trade, and many industries disappeared.
  • They lived in the countryside. They were peasants. They practiced agriculture.
  • They practised the arrianism. This religious doctrine denied the divinity of Jesus.
  • They became Catholics.
  • They spoke Latin.
  • Because they gradually intermingled.


FICHA 2
2.- Who were the Visigoths?

Exercice 1:

complete the text with the reading on page 8.

Exercice 2:

  1. The Visigoths attacked Rome.
  2. Honorious asked the Visigoths to expel the Suevi, the Vandals, and the Alans from the Iberian Peninsula.
  3. The Franks expelled the Visigoths from Gaul.
  4. The Visigoths founded the kingdom of Toledo in the Iberian Peninsula.
  5. Reccared and his kingdom became Catholic.
  6. The Visigothic kingdom disappeared after the Muslim invasion.

Exercice 4:

  • Visigothic crown                   Frieze              Swords           Visigothic cross
  • Church            Horseshoe arch           Capital and column



FICHA 3
1.- What were the Germanic migrations?
2.- Who were the Visigoths?

Crossword about the Visigoths

ACROSS
DOWN


2.- Middle Ages
1.- Barbarians
3.- 476
4.- Honorious
5.- Catholic
5.- Countryside
7.- Huns
6.- Capital
10.- Visigoths
8.- Horseshoe
11.- Muslims
9.- Arrianism
13.- Latin
12.- Column
14.- Toledo

15.- peasants

16.- Franks

17.- Agriculture

18.- Smithery

19.- Church




FICHA 4
3.- What was the Byzantine Empire like?

Exercice 1:  

c, e, a, b, d.

Exercice 2

  • Because it was richer than the Western Empire.
  • It lasted for another ten centuries, until 1453.
  • Justinian´s armies conquered many territories in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula and Italy.
  • The Basileus commanded the army and government, and he was also the religious leader.
  • The East-West Schism.
  • The Byzantine churches had a Greek-cross plan and large domes. They had ornaments such as mosaics and icons.
  • Hagia Sophia.
  • It was converted into a mosque in the 15th century and four minarets were added to the building.

Crossword about the Byzantine Empire

ACROSS
DOWN
3.- Schism
1.- Theodora
7.- Dome
2.- Justinian
8.- Greek
4.- Mosaic
9.- Constantinople
5.- Orthodox
10.- Icon
6.- Greek cross
11.- Basileus




FICHA 5
4.- What is Islam?


Exercice 1

  1. The Arabian Peninsula is in Asia, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
  2. The Arabian tribes were polytheists, and Mecca was their holy city.
  3. Muhammad was a merchant.
  4. He learnt about two monotheistic religions: Judaism and Christianity.
  5. Muhammad preached Islam.
  6. Islam taught that people should worship Allah, the Muslim name for their only God.
  7. Muhammad moved to Medina in 622 because the rich merchants of Mecca thought that he was a danger to society.
  8. Hegira marks the start of the Muslim calendar which refers to the year 622, when Muhammad moved to Medina.
  9. In 628 Muhammad conquered Mecca.
  10. The five pillars of Islam are:
    1. To testify that “there is no other God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.
    2. To pray five times a day.
    3. To go on a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if possible.
    4. To fast during the month of Rammadan.
    5. To give alms to the poor.

Exercice 2

  1. Mosque
  2. __
  3. Ablutions fountain
  4. Mimbar
  5. Minaret
  6. Quibla
  7. Prayer hall
  8. Mihrab


Exercice 4

  1. Caliph
  2. Umayyad family
  3. Damascus
  4. Abbasid family
  5. The Turks


Exercice 5

Economy
Invention
Craftmanship
Souk
Agriculture
Trade

Compass
Medicine
Algebra
Arabic numerals
Gunpowder
zero



FICHA 6
5.- What was the Carolingian Empire?

What was the Carolingian Empire?


  1. Match the following sentences about the Carolingian Empire

After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Frankish kingdom
Defeated the Muslims in France at the Battle of Tours in 732.
Kings handed power over
Was crowned Emperor of the West by the Pope in 800.
Charles Martel
Confirmed the division of the Empire.
Pipin the Short
Was established in France.
Charlemagne
Were controlled by military governors.
Counties
Was Charlemagne´s surviving son.
The marches or borders
Defeated the last Frankish monarch in 751 and became king.
Louis the Pious
Were the administrative units of the Charlemagne Empire.
The treaty of Verdun
To officials called Mayors of Palace.


Exercice 1 and 2

  1. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Frankish kingdom was established in France.
  2. Kings handed power over to officials called Mayors of the Palace.
  3. Charles Martel defeated the Muslims in France, at the Battle of Tours in 732.
  4. Pipin the Short defeated the last Frankish monarch in 751 and became king.
  5. Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the West by the Pope in 800.
  6. Counties were the administrative units of the Charlemagne Empire.
  7. The marches or borders were controlled by military governors.
  8. Louis the Pious was Charlemagnes´s surviving son.
  9. The treaty of Verdun confirmed the division of the Empire.

 _______________________________________________________________________________


ANSWER KEY UNIT 1

ACTIVITY SHEET 2: THE GERMANIC KINGDOMS AND THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE

Exercice1

a-2
b-6
c-4
d-8
e-7
f-1
g-5
h-3


Exercice 2

a.- True
b.- False. They helped expel other Germanic peoples from the Iberian Peninsula.
c.- True
d.- False. They made Toledo the capital of their kingdom.
e.- True.
f.- False. The Visigothic kingdom disappeared after the Muslim invasion in 711..


Exercice 3

a.- richer
b.- ten
c.- Roman
d.- 1453
e.- end


ACTIVITY SHEET 3: ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY

Exercice 1

merchant, Allah, danger, army, Koran, five, Ramadan, Mecca.


Exercice 2
  • Jesus Christ
  • In Belethem
  • His father was a carpenter
  • Bible
  • The Ten Commandaments
  • To Moses
  • The Cross. Because Jesus Christ was crucified on a cross.
  • A tomb.


ACTIVITY SHEET 4: THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES

Exercice 1

a.- north
b.- violent
c.- 395
d.- last
e.- beginning
f.- travel
g.- cities
h.- moved


Exercice 2

Germanic Kingdoms
Byzantine Empire
Islam
Franks
Visigoths
Lombards
barbarians
ostrogoths
Toledo
Orthodoxy
Hagia Sophia
Justinian Code
Constantinople
East-West Schism
Greek
mosque
Arabia
Baghdad
jihad
gunpowder
algebra
caliph



Exercice 3

a.- caliph
b.- Toledo
c.- Justinian
d.- Charlemagne
 

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