THE SECONDARY SECTOR
Answer the following questions.
Fossil raw materials
Which energy sources are fossil raw materials.
What will happen with this sources in the future?
What percentage of the oil and gas reservoirs can be still extracted?
Why do oil and natural gas have to be transported so far away?
What is OPEC? Why was it founded?
What percentage of the world´s oil reserves is controlled by the OPEC?
Who controls the refining process?
Which countries are the biggest oil consumers? Why?
Why is the level of energy consumption considered and indicator of development?
What can consumer countries do to avoid energy dependence?
Doc. 4: Which three countries are the biggest oil producers? And the biggest consumers?
What is electricity used for?
Why is electricity such a useful form of energy?
What sources of energy are necessary to produce electricity?
Where is thermal energy produced?
What kind of products are burnt there?
How is nuclear energy produced?
How do thermal and nuclear energy produce electricity? Explain the process.
In which countries is there the most important nuclear power production?
Which countries are the major producer of hydroelectric energy?
INFOGRAFÍA: ENERGÍA A PARTIR DEL CARBÓN
INFOGRAFÍA: ENERGÍA NUCLEAR
INFOGRAFÍA: ENERGÍA HIDRÁULICA