Etiquetas

lunes, 17 de junio de 2013

1º ESO B: RECUPERACIÓN SEPTIEMBRE


Estimado alumn@,
Este verano tienes que realizar este cuadernillo de actividades para recuperar la asignatura de Sociales. El examen consistirá en una selección de ejercicios de este cuadernillo.
Tendrás que entregarlo completo el mismo día del examen. Si no lo haces, no aprobarás aunque tu examen esté bien hecho. El cuadernillo contará el 10% de la nota, mientras que la nota más importante será la del examen (90%).
Para completar los ejercicios, tendrás que buscar la información en el libro y responder en el cuadernillo directamente, excepto en las preguntas que expresamente te digan que las respondas en una hoja adjunta, la cual deberás grapar al mismo.

¡Mucho ánimo!

Si no has recogido el cuadernillo en conserjería, debes descargartelo en el siguiente enlace: PINCHA AQUI.

jueves, 13 de junio de 2013

2º ESO BILINGÜE: RECUPERACIÓN 3ª EVALUACIÓN

Dear students:

First, you have to print the following exercises. 
Then, you have to complete them using the worksheets used in class and the book.

Next Monday, 17th June, you have to give me these exercises perfectly completed, and you have to take the exam.

I hope you do it well. If not, you´ll have to take the exam in September and you´ll have to study all the book.

Study and BE RESPONSABLE.

_____________________

UNIT 8


1.- Answer the following questions about the Spanish kingdoms.

·         What territories were there in the Iberian Peninsula?
·         What happened in the Crown of Castile in the 15th century?
·         What happened when king Henry IV died in 1474?
·         What happened after five years of civil war in Castile?
·         Which king of Aragon died in 1410 with no heirs?
·         Who was named king of Aragón in 1412?
·         Who were Ferdinand and Isabella?
·         What happened in 1469?
·         What happened in 1477?
·         When did Fernando become king of Aragón?
·         What was the consequence of the marriage between Ferdinand and Isabella?
·         How did the Catholic Monarchs govern their territories?
·         Who inherited the throne of Castile after Isabella´s death in 1504?
·         What was the role of Ferdinand after Isabella´s death?
·         Who took over Castile and Aragon Crowns in 1516?
 2.- Complete the gaps with words on page 79.
Domestic policies
When the War of _____________ ended in Castile, Ferdinand and Isabella set out to bring _____________ to their kingdoms. They created the _____________, a judicial police force, to fight against _____________ and the _____________ of the nobility. They also reorganised justice and strengthened the _____________, the highest _____________ body.
The Monarchs increased their _____________ over the cities. They appointed _____________, or chief magistrates, to establish _____________ in the towns. They strengthened the _____________ and took privileges _____________ from the nobles. They also created a permanent, professional _____________, which became one of the _____________ in Europe.
Religious unity
The Catholic Monarchs wanted _____________ for their kingdoms. In 1478, with the Pope´s permission, they founded the _____________ to prosecute heretics. The tribunal was known for its severe sentences and _____________. The next step was the _____________. By royal decree, all Jews had to _____________ to Christianity or _____________. Around 80,000 people left the country. The _____________, or converts, were persecuted by the _____________.
In 1512, a similar decree established the _____________, or Spanish Muslims. Muslims who converted to Christianity were called _____________. 

 UNIT 9
Answer the following questions about the Revolt of Comuneros.
1.      Where was Charles V born?
2.      When did he came to Spain?
3.      Could he speak Spanish?
4.      Who helped him with the government? Where were they from?
5.      What did he spend the Castilian money on?
6.      What was the Castilians´ reaction?
7.      Did Charles V anger just the Castilian cities?
8.      Why were cities annoyed?
9.      Why were the nobles annoyed?
10. What was the name given to the cities?
11. Who started the Revolt of the Comuneros?
12. Who supported the revolt?
13. What was the first city to rebel? When? Who was its leader?
14. How long were the rebels successful?
15. Why did the nobles fought against the rebels?
16. Where and when was the last battle fought?
17. Who won the battle?
18. Who were the leaders of the revolt? What happened to them?
19. What was Charles V attitude after the revolt?
20. What position did the nobles have in the government?
 
Find the word for the following definitions about the Spanish empire. 
1.      America was the starting point for expeditions to the _____________________.
2.      Name of the institution which carried out trade with America._____________________
3.      Conqueror of the Aztec Empire._____________________
4.      He discovered the Amazon._____________________
5.      The discovery of this things helped the king to finance their empire._____________________
6.      They performed manual work, largely in agriculture.
7.      People who occupied the highest positions in society in the Indies._____________________
8.      Charles V created the _____________________ of Indies to advise the king on matters of government.
9.      Division of the conquered territory, such as New Spain and Peru. _____________________
10. Surname of the conqueror of the Inca Empire._____________________
11. Lands used for stockbreeding and agriculture in America._____________________
12. They were slaves brought from Africa to do the hardest work, and they had no rights at all._____________________
13. The children of Spanish men and Native American women, and occupied the second highest positions in society.





 
 UNIT 14
Define the following concepts and give an example

  • Megacity


  • Metropolitan area:


  • Conurbation:


  • Megalopolis
 
 
 
Match the following sentences about cities in developed countries: 

1.- Cities in North America and Canada
2.- They were planned and, thus,
3.- The city centre is the Central Business District
4.- European cities
5.- The city centre is the older part and
6.- The layout of the city centre is normally
7.- The CBD in European cities is located in the city centre, together
8.- In all parts of the developed world,
9.- In North America, over 80% of the population
10.- The main problems in cities in developed countries are
 ____________

a.- Lives in the suburbs.
b.- Are not very old.
c.- High housing prices, traffic, pollution, crime and poverty.
d.- (CBD), which is modern and dominated by skyscrapers.
e.- Is where most of the historic monuments are located.
f.- Were built to a grid plan.
g.- Irregular because it was not built following a plan.
h.- Are much older.
i.- The outskirts  of the cities are growing.
j.- With many old refurbished buildings used for housing.





lunes, 10 de junio de 2013

1º ESO B: EXAMEN FINAL 14 JUNIO

IES VALLE DE LACIANA                                                             SOCIALES
EXAMEN FINAL                                                                                 1ºESO B

DÍA 14 DE JUNIO DE 2013

TEMA 1

  • Movimiento de Rotación
  • Movimiento de Traslación

TEMA 2
  • Orientación (Ejercicio 5, página 24)
  • Escala (ejercicio práctico, página 22)

TEMA 3
  • La estructura de la Tierra (punto 1.1)
  • Agentes internos (punto 2.1)
  • Agentes externos (punto 2.2)

TEMA 4
  • Punto 1: El agua en la naturaleza

TEMA 5
  • Mapa y texto Temperatura Media Anual (Página 65)
  • Mapa y texto Pluviosidad Media Anual (Página 67)

TEMA 6
  • Mapa y leyendas de las Zonas Climáticas de la Tierra (páginas 74-75)

TEMA 7
  • Mapa y leyendas página 97: Climas y paisajes en España

TEMA 9
  • 1.2- El proceso de hominización
  • 2.- El Paleolítico
  • 4.- El Neolítico

TEMA 10
  • 1.1- Las primeras ciudades Estado
  • Página 155: El origen de la escritura
  • 3.2- El aprovechamiento de las aguas del Nilo
  • 7.- Las tumbas egipcias

TEMA 11
  • 2.- Las polis griegas
  • 4.2- Una democracia limitada

TEMA 13
  • 1.1- El origen de Roma (histórico y leyenda)
  • 2.1- Patricios y plebeyos
  • 2.2.- La lucha por la igualdad
  • 6.2- Las ciudades romanas

1º ESO BILINGUAL: CHECK YOUR EXERCICES UNIT 11


UNIT 11: ANCIENT ROME

1.- How did Rome become an Empire?

·        Where was the city of Rome?
ON THE RIVER TIBER IN THE ITALIAN PENINSULA.

·        Why is the Italian Peninsula a strategic location?
BECAUSE IT IS IN THE CENTRE OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA

·        What did this strategic location enabled the Romans to do?
TO EXTEND THEIR TERRITORIES ON THREE CONTINENTS: EUROPE, AFRICA AND ASIA.

·        Put in order the following statements about the growth of the Roman Empire:
o       2.- Rome expanded across the Mediterranian.
o       3.- Roman territories stretched north to south from the British Isles to the Sahara Desert, and east to west from Mesopotamia to the Iberian Peninsula.
o       1.- Rome conquered all the territories on the Italian Peninsula.

·        Analyse the map on page 125 and list the territories which the Roman Empire dominated.



·        Analyse the map on page 125 and underline which of the following modern countries were part of the Roman Empire: The United Kingdom, France, Spain, Finland, Portugal, Italy, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon and Denmark.


·        What happened to the people who tried to resist Roman rule?
THEY WERE MADE SLAVES.

·        What aspects of its culture did Rome spread?
THEIR LANGUAGE, LATIN, THEIR LAWS AND THEIR WAY OF LIFE.

·        How was the empire administrated?
IT WAS ADMINISTRATED INTO PROVINCES, WHICH HAD TO PAY TAXES TO ROME. EACH PROVINCE WAS CONTROLLED BY A GOVERNOR, APPOINTED BY THE EMPEROR.

2.- What were the Monarchy and the Republic?

The Monarchy (753.509 BC)

In the first centuries of its history, Rome was governed by a ____________. This king was ____________ by the most important ____________ in the city, the ____________.

This king was helped by the ____________, an assembly formed by ____________, who were the ____________ of the leading families.

In the 6th century BC, Rome was conquered by the ____________. However, the Romans fought against them and eventurally ____________ them. In 509 BC, a ____________ dethroned Lucius Tarquinus Superbus (Tarquin the Proud the last ____________ King.


The Republic (509-27BC)

·        What is the form of government after the Roman monarchy?
THE REPUBLIC
·        Name the three institutions of the Roman Republic:
THE COMITIAS, THE MAGISTRATUS AND THE SENATE.
·        Write the correct institution:
o       This institution gave instructions to magistrates. SENATE
o       Assemblies where Roman citizens met to elect magistrates. COMITIAS
o       This institution established the laws. SENATE
o       Magistrates held political, military and sometimes religious power. MAGISTRATUS
o       This institution directed foreign policy. SENATE
o       The highest magistrates were two consuls who controlled the political life and the army. MAGISTRATUS
o       The most important institution. SENATE
o       Assemblies where Roman citizens met to vote for laws. COMITIAS
o       Magistrates were elected for a year. MAGISTRATUS


Patricians and plebeians

Define the following concepts:

  • The patricians WERE A MINORITY FORMED BY THE RICHEST AND MOST POWERFUL FAMILIES. THEY CLAIMED TO BE DESCENDANTS OF THE FOUNDERS OF ROME.

  • The plebeians WERE ALL THE OTHER CITIZENS.

  • The tribune of the plebeians WAS THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PLEBEIANS IN THE SENATE.


3.- How did the Republic evolve?

  • What wars happened between 264BC – 146BC?
PUNIC WARS.

  • Who fought in those wars?
ROME AND CARTHAGE.

  • What was Cathage?
A NORTH AFRICAN POWER.

  • How many wars were there between the Romans and the Carthaginians?
THREE

  • How long did these wars lasted?
OVER A HUNDRED YEARS.

  • What did Rome do after after its victory in these wars?
ROME EXTENDED ITS POWER AROUND THE MEDITERRANEAN.



The crisis of the Republic

  • What was the Roman situation in the 1st century BC?
THE REPUBLIC WAS WEAKENED BY CORRUPTION AND INTERNAL CONFLICTS.

  • What kind of power increased?
THE POWER OF MILITARY.

  • What did militaries do to prevent disorder?
THE FORMED TRIUMVIRATES.

  • What is a triunvirate?
ALLIANCES OF THREE MEN WHO SHARED POWER.

  • Who was the first triumvirate formed by?
JULIUS CAESAR, CRASSUS AND POMPEY.


  • What was the consecuence of the disagreement of the first triumvirate?
A CIVIL WAR BROKE OUT.

  • Who won the war and proclaimed perpetual dictator?
JULIUS CAESAR.

  • What happened in 44 BC?
JULIUS CAESAR WAS ASSASSINATED BY A GROUP OF SENATORS AND SUPPORTERS OF THE REPUBLIC.

  • Who was the second triumvirate formed by?
MARK ANTHONY, LEPIDUS AND OCTAVIAN.

  • Who finally took control after several wars?
OCTAVIAN

4.- How was the Roman Empire created?

  • Who was the first Roman emperor?
OCTAVIAN AUGUSTUS

  • What does “Augustus” mean?
"CHOSEN BY THE GODS"

  • Name the funtions of the Roman emperor:

    • . HE PRESIDED OVER THE SENATE.

    • . HE WAS THE HEAD OF THE ARMY.

    • .HE WAS THE HIGHEST RELIGIOUS LEADER.

    • .HE DIRECTED FOREIGN POLICY.

    • .HE DICTATED LAWS.

    • HE DECIDED UPON TAXES..

  • When did the Roman world reach its peak?
IN THE 1st AND 2nd CENTURIES AD.

  • What famous emperors governed at that moment?
CLAUDIUS, VESPASIAN, TRAJAN AND MARCUS AURELIUS.

  •  Label the different parts of the sculpture of Octavian Augustus.


5.- Why did the Roman Empire decline?

The crisis of the 3rd century

  • What happened at the beginning of the 3rd century?
THE ROMAN EMPIRE SUFFERED A CRISIS.

  • Who revolted?
PEASANTS AND SOLDIERS.

  • What happened to the cities?
THE CITIES WERE ATTACKED.

  • What did the population do?
THE POPULATION SOUGHT REFUGE IN THE COUNTRY.

  • Why did emperors diminished?
BECAUSE THEY WERE UNABLE TO SOLVE THESE PROBLEMS.

  • Who invaded the north of the Roman empire?
GERMANIC TRIBES.

  • How did the Romans call these peoples? What does this word mean?
BARBARIANS. THIS WORD MEANS "FOREIGNERS" FOR THE ROMANS. WE USE IT TODAY TO SAY "RUDE".

  • Who attacked from the east?
THE PERSIANS.


The recovery of the 4th century

  • What happened when Diocletian came to power?
REFORMS WERE CARRIED OUT TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS IN THE EMPIRE.

  • What did Constantine do to achieve unity?
THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE TOLERATED CHIRSTIANITY.

  • Where did Constantine moved the capital of the empire?
TO CONSTANTINOPLE.

  • Who entered Germanic territory in 375?
THE HUNS.

  • Consequently, who fled into the Roman empire?
THE GERMANIC TRIBES.

  • What was the Romans´ reaction?
THE ROMANS WERE UNABLE TO STOP THE INVASION OF THESE BARBARIANS.

  • What happened after the emperor Theodosius´ death in 395? Why?
THE EMPIRE WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO, SO THAT IT COULD BE DEFENDED MORE EASILY.

  • Where was the Western Roman Empire´s capital?
IN ROME.

  • Where was the Eastern Roman Empire´s capital?
IN CONSTANTINOPLE.

  • Did both empires had the same emperor and institutions?
NO, THEY DIDN´T. EACH EMPIRE HAD ITS OWN EMPEROR AND ITS OWN INSTITUTIONS.



The fall of the Roman Empire

  • Could the Western emperors stop the Germanic tribes? What happened then?
THE WESTERN EMPEROS COULD NOT STOP THE GERMANIC TRIBES.
THE GERMANIC TRIBES FORMED THEIR OWN KINGDOMS.

  • What happened in 476? What new period in History begins after that date?
IN 476, THE GERMANIC TRIBES DEPOSED THE LAST WESTERN ROMAN EMPEROR, BRINGING THE EMPIRE TO AN END.
AFTER 476, THE MIDDLE AGES START IN WESTERN EUROPE.

  • How long did the Eastern Empire last?
FOR ANOTHER THOUSAND YEARS.

  • What was the name given to the Eastern Empire?
BYZANTINE EMPIRE.


Do activities 1a and 1b on page 129.